This article is about learning English as a second language by children. Children learn language naturally and unconsciously. They are natural language learners and children are motivated to learn English unlike teenagers and adults. Young children use their own individual and innate strategies to learn the original language and soon realize that they can use these strategies to learn English as well.

 

Children learn better

Children prefer recreational activities such as watching cartoons to learn English. They can also learn the language by participating in an activity that is shared even with an adult. Children first see and understand an activity and then receive the corresponding English phrase from the common language of adults. They have more time to fit English into their daily schedule and also have less stress and worry.

 

silent period

When children learn English, they may have a "silent period" where communication and understanding may occur before they speak any English words. During this period, parents should not force children to participate in conversations or repeat their words. Conversations should be one-way. Adult conversations provide useful opportunities for children to understand language. Parents can use many of the same strategies in learning their mother tongue.

 

start talking

After a while, each child (girls often faster than boys) begins to say single words (cat, house) or short phrases. Expressions like: this is my book, this is a car and etc. Children use these words and phrases in their dialogues or as unexpected sentences, which continues for some time.


Strengthening the English language

Gradually, children make phrases that include a fixed word and add words from their vocabulary to it. Words like: (a dog, a brown dog, a brown and black dog). Depending on the frequency of exposure to English, children gradually begin to construct complete sentences.

 

Understanding

Understanding is always more than speaking and children's ability to understand should not be underestimated. Children understand the gist of the matter. That is, they understand a few important words and decode the rest using different clues.

 

Disappointment

In the early stages, some children get frustrated because of their inability to express their thoughts in English. Others also want children to speak English quickly. As much as they can speak their native language. Frustration can often be overcome with very simple rhymes made up of ready-made phrases.

 

mistakes

Children should not be told that they have made a mistake because it is immediately demotivating. Mistakes may be part of the process of working out the rules of English grammar. When you hear the wrong word or phrase from children, it is better to repeat that word or phrase correctly so that the child can pronounce them correctly. In other words, if children have a chance to hear the same phrase correctly, they will correct it over time.

 

Gender differences

Boys' brains develop differently than girls, and this affects how boys understand and use language. Therefore, their achievements should not be compared with girls.

 

Language learning environments

Children need to feel safe and know that there is a clear reason for using English. The activities and environment in which the child learns English should be fun, interesting and of interest to the child and focus on concepts that children already understand in their mother tongue.

 

Read

Children who can already read in their mother tongue usually want to know how to read in English. Once children have learned a set of words well enough to read, they feel confident and then ready for a more structured approach.

 

Parental support

Children should feel good about their progress in learning English. They need constant encouragement as well as praise for good performance. Because every success motivates. Parents play an important role in motivating and helping their children to learn English. Even if they only have basic English and are learning alongside their young child. By sharing, parents can not only bring their child's language and activities into family life, but can also influence their child's attitude towards language learning and other cultures.

 

Result

Children learn language through interaction not only with their parents and other adults but also with other children. Therefore, try to regularly do activities with your child that help him learn and grow. These activities include: games, watching cartoons in the original language, and talking with the child. All normal children who grow up in normal families and in a conversational environment will learn the language used around them.